Vocabulary for the Olympic Games 2016

This post is dedicated to the foreigners who are coming to Brazil to attend the Olympic Games, but can also serve to Brazilians who want to learn a bit of English vocabulary related to the Olympics.

Today, I will offer vocabulary about sports and its modalities, but first let’s start with the most important word:

Jogos Olímpicos – Olympic Games


Esporte – Sport

Atletismo – Athletics

100 (cem) metros – 100 (one hundred) metres

110 (cento e dez) metros com barreiras – 100 (one hundred and ten) metres hurdles


3000 (três mil) metros com obstáculos – 3000 (three thousand) metres steeplechase

20 (vinte) km (quilômetros) de marcha atlética – 20 (twenty) km (kilometres) race walk

Maratona – Marathon

Salto em distância – Long jump

Salto triplo –  Triple jump

Salto em altura – High jump

Salto com vara – Pole vault

Arremeso de peso – Shot put

Lançamento de disco – Discus throw

Lançamento de martelo – Hammer throw

Lançamento de dardo – Javelin throw

OSAKA, JAPAN - AUGUST 31: Barbora Spotakova of the Czech Republic competes on her way to winning the gold medal in the Women's Javelin Throw Final on day seven of the 11th IAAF World Athletics Championships on August 31, 2007 at the Nagai Stadium in Osaka, Japan. (Photo by Stu Forster/Getty Images)

(Photo by Stu Forster/Getty Images)

Heptato – Heptathlon

Decatlo – Decathlon

Badminton – Badminton

Basquetebol (Basquete) – Basketball

Boxe – Boxing

Mosca-ligeiro – Light-Flyweight

Mosca – Flyweight

Galo – Bantamweight

Leve – Lightweight

Meio-médio-ligeiro – Light-Welterweight

Meio-médio – Welterweight

Médio – Middleweight

Meio-pesado – Light-Heavyweight


Pesado – Heavyweight

Super-pesado – Super-Heavyweight

Canoagem – Canoe/kayak

Velocidade – Sprint

Slalom – Slalom

Ciclismo – Cycling

Pista – Track cycling

Estrada – Road cycling

Mountain bike – Mountain biking


Esgrima – Fencing

Futebol – Football (United Kingdom) ou soccer (United States)

Ginástica – Gymnastics

Solo – Floor exercise

Cavalo com alças – Pommel horse

Argolas – Rings

arthur zanetti

Salto sobre a mesa – Vault

Barras paralelas – Parallel bars

Barras assimétricas – Uneven bars

Barra fixa – Horizontal bar

Trave – Balance beam

Maça indiana – Indian clubs

Salto lateral sobre o cavalo – Sidehorse vault

Aparelhos portáteis – Portable apparatus

Ginástica acrobática – Acrobatic gymnastics

Ginástica rítmica – Rhythmic gymnastics

Corda – Rope

Arco – Hoop

Bola – Ball

Maças – Clubs

Fita – Ribbon

Ginástica de trampolim – Trampolining

Golfe – Golf

Halterofilismo – Weightlifitng

Handebol – Handball

Hipismo – Equestrian

Concurso Completo de Equitação (CCE) – Eventing

Saltos – Show jumping

Adestramento – Dressage


Volteio – Vaulting

Salto em altura – High jump

Salto em distância – Long jump

Hóquei sobre grama – Field hockey

Judô – Judo

Lutas – Wrestling

Greco-romana – Greco-Roman

Luta-livre – Freestyle

Nado sincronizado – Synchronized swimming

Natação – Swimming

50 (cinquenta) metros livres – 50 (fifty) metres freestyle

100 (cem) metros costas – 100 (one hundred) metres backstroke

200 (duzentos)metros peito – 200 (two hundred) metres breaststroke

100 (cem)metros borboleta – 100 (one hundred) metres butterfly

400 (quatrocentos) metros medley – 400 (four hundred) metres individual medley

Pentatlo modern – Modern pentathlon

Polo aquático – Water polo

Remo – Rowing

Rugby sevens – Rugby sevens

Saltos ornamentais – Diving

Taekwondo – Taekwondo

Tênis – Tennis

Tênis de Mesa – Table tennis

Tiro – Shooting

Tiro com arco – Archery

Triatlo – Triathlon

Vela – Sailing

Voleibol (Vôlei) – Volleyball

Vôlei de praia – Beach volleyball

What is your favorite sport? What kind of vocabulary do you want to learn related to the Olympic Games?

100 Brazilians singers/groups

Everyone has heard about samba and bossa nova, but Brazil has much more to offer beyond that. I decided to do a list of artists of all kinds to help you become familiar with the Brazilian musical culture and for those who don’t like samba or bossa nova to discover other genres that perhaps pleases them. The list has traditional and modern artists.

The artists are divided by musical style; they are from different decades and there is no preference order.


The axé is a musical genre of Bahia that arose during the carnival and mixes rhythms such as forró, maracatu, etc.

Ivete Sangalo – Probably the most charismatic singer of this list, with songs that stick in the head and full of energy.

Daniela Mercury – responsible for the popularization of this kind of music in Brazil.

Netinho – one of the most important representatives of the genre.

Bossa nova

Bossa nova is a rhythm that mixes samba and jazz, emerged in Rio de Janeiro in the 50s.

Tom Jobim – Considered the greatest exponent of Brazilian music, he was one of the composers of the famous song “Girl from Ipanema“.

Vinicius de Moraes – besides a great composer, he was also a great poet and playwright. In partnership with Tom Jobim he created the famous song “Girl from Ipanema“.

João Gilberto – great composer, who presented the Brazilian music to the world, considered one of the greatest artists in the history of Brazilian music.


MPB means “Brazilian Popular Music“, emerged as a counter point to the Bossa Nova, they sought to value the original Brazilian music. Today, it covers a wide range of artists from different genres.

Elis Regina – famous by her impressive interpretations, the greatest icon of MPB.

Chico Buarque – great composer, known for the great performances on stage.

Gilberto Gil – innovative singer, blends various musical genres such as reggae, samba and forró.

Tim Maia – singer known for controversial statements, hoarse voice and soul style.

Zelia Duncan – talented singer who sings many different rhythms.

Milton Nascimento – known for great compositions and partnerships with Brazilian and foreign artists.

Djavan – singer known for simple, but touching compositions.

Caetano Veloso – one of the most influential artists of Brazilian music, known for the reinterpretation and poetry in his songs.

Arnaldo Antunes – great composer known for the alternative style.

Roberto Carlos – favorite singer of all mothers and grandmothers of Brazil, known for the rock songs from the 60s and romantic music produced after the 70s.

Marisa Monte – one of the best known and award-winning singers, both in Brazil and abroad.

Seu Jorge – supertalented singer and actor. Loved by all foreigners I know.

Jorge Ben Jor – one of the most important voices of the Brazilian music, his style doesn’t follow any particular genre, instead he mixes several different styles.

Ana Carolina – singer of the younger MPB generation with a powerful voice.

Toquinho – singer-songwriter with several famous compositions.

Adriana Calcanhoto– singer-songwriter of different styles.

Maria Rita – daughter of Elis Regina, is considered as one of the great interpreters of Brazil today.

Mallu Magalhães – one of the youngest singers of this list, but already recognized as a great singer-songwriter.

Céu – talented singer with various musical influences such as samba, jazz and R&B.

Tulipa Ruiz – is one of the great composers of the new MPB generation.

Erasmo Carlos – one of the most successful composers in Brazil.

Dorival Caymmi – one of the most important names in Brazilian music of the twentieth century.

Lenine – the singer navigates between rock and MPB, one of the most important Brazilian composers.

Maria Gadú – success of critic and audience, a talented singer of the new MPB generation.

Ney Matogrosso – with a distinctive voice, the singer cannot be put in any particular musical style.

Zé Ramalho – singer who mixes very well Brazilian styles with rock, blues and folk.

Vanessa da Mata – awarded singer of the new MPB generation.


Lulu Santos – a big hits composer with songs that please everyone.

Kid Abelha – one of the most successful pop bands in the 80s.

Sandy – she began to sing still as a child with her brother, and today is known for her perfect vocal technique and beautiful compositions.

Wanessa – went through different rhythms in her career, but became really successful with the pop-dance songs.

Jota Quest – is one of the most played pop-rock bands from Brazil.

Silva – pop singer best quality.


Marcelo D2 – singer known for mixing samba and rap.

Racionais Mc’s – band known for denouncing social problems.

Negra Li – singer with a beautiful voice that goes beyond rap.

Rappin ‘Hood – one of the most respected rappers in Brazil.

Criolo – one of the best Brazilian rappers that diversifies with different rhythms.

Projota – is one of the promises of the Brazilian rap.

Emicida – one of the most talented rappers that emerged in Brazil in the last decade.


Legião Urbana – the most successful rock band in Brazil, the band was headed by the singer Renato Russo, talented songwriter.

Raul Seixas – was one of the pioneers of the Brazilian rock, known for psychedelic style and for mixing  rock and baião.

Note: The baião is a Northeast Brazilian rhythmic formula that became the basis of a wide range of music, such as, the forró.

Titãs – one of the biggest Brazilian rock bands, known for the post-punk style.

Barão Vermelho – Banda started by Cazuza, later leaded by the singer Roberto Frejat.

Cazuza – singer known for great lyrics that are still successful.

Cássia Eller – performer known for hoarsely voice and energy on stage.

Los Hermanos – alternative rock band with great lyrics.

Pato Fu – Alternative rock band with many experimentalism.

Arnaldo Baptista – original member of the Os Mutantes”, known for the progressive rock style.

Paralamas do Sucesso – one of the most popular Brazilian rock bands, famous for the ska and pop-rock styles.

Sepultura – the most successful metal band in Brazil.

Camisa de Vênuspunk-rock band that was very successful in the 80s.

O Rappa – band known for style that mixes rap and rock, with many lyrics that denounce social problems.

Ira – one of the most important rock bands of São Paulo in the 80s.

Capital Inicial – band formed in the early ’80s, going from punk to pop-rock.

Rita Lee – one of the most influential singers in Brazil, known as “the Queen of Rock”.

Tihuana – rock band with various influences, including Latin music.

Angra – one of the most influential metal bands of Brazilian history.

Nando Reis – former member of the band Titãs, is one of the most sought after composers in Brazil.

Pitty – currently the only prominent women in the Brazilian rock.

Malta – the newest rock band in this list became famous after winning a television program.

Skank – the band went through various styles of rock, but was known for pop-rock and ska styles.

RPM – one of the most successful rock bands in the 80’s.

Nação Zumbi – rock band that makes several experiments with other genres.

Engenheiros do Hawaii – rock band known for ironic lyrics and criticism.

Bikini Cavadão – another rock band of great success that originated in the 80s.


Musical style derived from African dances, became the symbol of the Brazilian music.

Cartola – considered by many as the greatest Brazilian “sambista”.

Paulinho da Viola – one of the most respected “sambistas” from Brazil, also known by the “choro” songs.

Note: Choro (“cry”),is an instrumental Brazilian popular music genre which originated in 19th century Rio de Janeiro.

Elza Soares – one of the most respected samba singers.

José Bezerra da Silva – singer who used the samba to denounce social problems.

Beth Carvalho – known for great interpretations and for having sponsored several talented singers.

Zeca Pagodinho – charismatic and talented singer, a national unanimity.

Diogo Nogueira – one of the most talented “sambistas” of the new generation.

Alexandre Pires – singer known for the romantic lyrics.

Nelson Cavaquinho – one of the most traditional samba composers, with more tragic themes, such as death and hopelessness.


Carlinhos Brown – controversial singer and cultural activist.

Olodum – group that innovated mixing reggae and samba.


When foreigners ask me what is “Sertanejo”, I answer: Brazilian country.

Daniel – singer who mixes the traditional sertanejo and romantic songs.

Chitãozinho & Xororó – one of the most traditional sertanejo duos of Brazil.

Sérgio Reis – one of the oldest and most respected singers of sertanejo music.

Victor & Leo – one of the most successful duos in the current Brazilian market.

Jorge & Matheus – the most successful duo nowadays in Brazil.

César Menotti & Fabiano – another sertanejo duo that is very successful today.

Michel Teló – no matter where you live in the world, you’ve probably heard this song:

Paula Fernandes – one of the most successful singers of Brazil, she mixes pop and sertanejo music.

Fernando & Sorocaba – one of the most influential duos of the new sertanejo generation.

Tonico & Tinoco – duo that represents the traditional sertanejo.

Other musical styles

Luiz Gonzaga – is the most important artist of Northeastern music, known as “the King of Baião”.

Natiruts – is the biggest reggae band in Brazil.

Tribo de Jah – another precursor of the reggae in Brazil.

Chimarruts – famous band that mixes reggae and pop.

Aviões do Forró – one of the most played bands of “electronic forró” in Brazil.

Pixinguinha – made various types of music, but is best known for “choro” music.

Otto – singer with various influences, one of the precursors of the so-called manguebeat.

Note: The manguebeat was cultural movement that focused on music, mixing regional rhythms of Brazilian Northeast, such as maracatu, frevo, coco and forró, with rock, hip hop, funk and electronic music.

Do you know Brazilian music? Which of these is your favorite?

5 Bilinguals Songs in French

I was listening to the song Inséparables from Zaz with the Spanish singer Pablo Alborán and I thought, how genius is to be able to listen to a song in two different languages. I love bilingual songs , they’re perfect to study and to be in touch with several languages at the same time.

Zaz & Pablo Alboran – Inséparables

Languages: French and Spanish

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Bestsellers in Brazil – January 2016

For the curious, I will show today, the best-selling books in Brazil from earlier this year, excluding books from foreigners. Interestedly, most books are religious/self-help.

  1. Bela Cozinha 2 – Bela Gil

bela cozinha bela gilThis is a book with recipes from Bela Gil program – dishes from the special summer season and from the second and third seasons. Tasty and healthy recipes are created according to Bela Gil view of how our choices about what we eat affects our health, the society and the environment.


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Grammar books

Grammar: some people love it, most run away from it. I am part of the majority, I do not like to study grammar, but unfortunately, it is impossible to escape from it if you want to speak a language well. So now and then I dedicate myself to it. Today, I will give tips on some books I like.

grammar books (1)


Grammar in Use

I believe that these are the most famous grammar books in the world. The series has become a reference for English learners, mainly for its simple approach. In one page, simple explanations and in the other, exercises. I really like this kind of book, because of its simplicity.

Essential Grammar in Use with Answers: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Elementary Students of English

English Grammar in Use with Answers and CD-ROM: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate Learners of English

Advanced Grammar in Use with Answers: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Advanced Learners of English

Cassell’s Students’ Grammar English by Jake Allsop

For those who like to dig a little deeper; a good option is the book: Students’ Grammar English. The book has a simple approach, but it has very good explanations and illustrations.

Students’ English Grammar

Students’ English Grammar Exercises with Answers


Planet@ ELE. Libro de referencia gramatical: fichas y ejercicios

For beginners I recommend the Planet@ ELE. Libro de referencia gramatical: fichas y ejercicios, which is divided into four levels. As the collection Grammar in Use, the book has the explanation in one side and in the other exercises. The difference is that it is more simple and short.

Planet@ 1. Libro de referencia gramatical, fichas y ejercicios (Spanish Edition)

Planet@ 2. Libro de referencia gramatical, fichas y ejercicios (Spanish Edition)

Planet@ 3. Libro de referencia gramatical, fichas y ejercicios (Spanish Edition)

Planet@ 4. Libro de referencia gramatical, fichas y ejercicios (Spanish Edition)

Another book that I also recommend is the Diccionario Práctico de Gramática which is a work of grammar reference. The explanations are simple with lots examples. Besides the grammatical structures, they explain also words and their typical uses.

Diccionario practico de gramatica (Spanish Edition)

Diccionario practico de gramatica: libro de ejercicios: 800 fichas de uso correcto del espanol (Spanish Edition)

Diccionario practico de gramatica. Claves del Libro de ejercicios (Spanish Edition)


Grammaire Progressive

Again, a course that puts the grammatical explanation in one page and in the other exercises. It is also a simple, progressive and well-illustrated book. . The course has four levels. In my experience, it is the most recommended by French teachers.

Grammaire Progressive Du Francais: Niveau Debutant (French Edition)

Grammaire Progressive Du Francais – Nouvelle Edition: Livre Intermediaire 3e Edition + Cd-audio (French Edition)

Grammaire Progressive du Français: Niveau Avancé (French Edition)

Grammaire Progressive du Francais: Livre Perfectionnement (French Edition)


Klipp und Klar – Ubungsgrammatik

This is the book that I am currently using to learn German. And it has the same style of the previous books. At the end of the book, it has great reference lists. There are two books, one that is destined to the B1 level, and another to the most advanced level (B2/C1).

Klipp Und Klar: Klipp Und Klar – Ubungsgrammatik Grundstufe Deutsch – MIT Losungen (German Edition)

Klipp Und Klar: Klipp Und Klar – Ubungsgrammatik Mittelstufe Deutsch B2/C1 (German Edition)

Collection Practice Makes Perfect – McGraw Hill

For other languages, there is also the Practice Makes Perfect series. There are available in several different grammatical topics and by level. There are, for example, books just about verbs or just about pronouns and prepositions. As they are full of exercises, they are great for testing your grammar skills intensively and to devote yourself to subjects in which you have more difficulty. Here is a list of the books I found.


Practice Makes Perfect Arabic Pronouns and Prepositions (Practice Makes Perfect Series)


Practice Makes Perfect Basic Chinese


Practice Makes Perfect French Verb Tenses (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

Practice Makes Perfect: Complete French All-in-One

Practice Makes Perfect French Problem Solver: With 90 Exercises (Practice Makes Perfect (McGraw-Hill))

Practice Makes Perfect: Intermediate French Grammar: With 145 Exercises (Practice Makes Perfect Series)


Practice Makes Perfect Basic English, Second Edition: (Beginner) 250 Exercises + Flashcard App + 90-minute Audio (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

Practice Makes Perfect Intermediate English Grammar for ESL Learners (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

Practice Makes Perfect English Articles and Determiners Up Close

Practice Makes Perfect English Grammar for ESL Learners, 2nd Edition: With 100 Exercises

Practice Makes Perfect English Problem Solver: With 110 Exercises


Practice Makes Perfect Intermediate German Grammar

Practice Makes Perfect German Verb Tenses, 2nd Edition: With 200 Exercises + Free Flashcard App

Practice Makes Perfect German Problem Solver: With 130 Exercises


Practice Makes Perfect Basic Hindi


Practice Makes Perfect Italian Problem Solver: With 80 Exercises

Practice Makes Perfect Italian Verb Tenses, 2nd Edition: With 300 Exercises + Free Flashcard App


Practice Makes Perfect Basic Japanese

Practice Makes Perfect Complete Japanese Grammar


Practice Makes Perfect Basic Latin


Basic Portuguese


Practice Makes Perfect Complete Spanish Grammar

Practice Makes Perfect Spanish Pronouns and Prepositions, Premium 3rd Edition

Practice Makes Perfect Complete Spanish All-in-One

Practice Makes Perfect: Intermediate Spanish Grammar: With 160 Exercises

Movies about Brazilian personalities – Part 2

For now, the last post on Brazilian films. This time we will get to know a capoeirista, a soccer player, a child actor, a revolutionary and an artist of the colonial era.

Besouro – The Assailant

In Bahia the black community continues to be treated as slaves and their traditions are not allowed, including the capoeira. The Master Alípio (Macalé) tries to keep the tradition alive and chooses Besouro (Ailton Carmo) as his successor. And Besouro, after the murder of Master Alípio, will follow the instructions of his master defending his people against prejudice.

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Movies about Brazilian personalities

This time the post will be on great Brazilian characters outside of the music world. A president, a princess, a Formula 1 racer, a writer and a medium. Several characters from the same country.

Nao Pare Na Pista: A Melhor Historia de Paulo Coelho – Paulo Coelho’s Best Story

The film about Paulo Coelho shows in a non-linearly way, three different moments of the writer’s life. Paulo Coelho as a teenager (Ravel Andrade), who has a conflicted relationship with his parents. He as an adult (Julio Andrade), in search of himself and collaborating with Raul Seixas and, he already mature, successful, redoing the Camino de Santiago.

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Movies + Music – Brazil – Part 2

After making the first post on biopics of Brazilian musicians, a passion was stimulated, so I decided to do a series of posts about the Brazilian cinema. Today, the second part of Movies + Music – Brazil follows.

Raul – O Início, o Fim e o Meio

In the form of documentary, the film shows the path of Raul Seixas, the controversy “Sociedade Alternativa” and the partnership with Paulo Coelho. The movie features testimonials from colleagues, ex-wives, family members, musicians and critics.

Music genre: Rock, rockabilly, ballad, country rock, folk, MPB

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